Growing demand and hiking feedstock prices are forecasted as major obstacles in biofuel development to reduce the dependency on conventional fossil fuels.
Low qualify of contemporary biofuels such as biodiesel(fatty acid methyl ester) that consists of a significant amount of oxygen content led to substandard fuel properties including poor combustion and fluidity along with lower energy content which limits the fuel blending ratios.
The inefficiency of homogenous catalyst usage in conventional biodiesel syntheses such as leaching, poor reusability, and complex product separation remained a challenge in biofuel production.
The developed technology offers a highly efficient heterogeneous catalyst system that works flawlessly converting different types of waste fatty acid feedstocks to paraffinic hydrocarbon in the green diesel ranged biofuel.
USEFULNESS & APPLICATION
The developed heterogeneous catalyst exhibits high robustness for various types of feedstocks with excellent catalytic activity and stability in the HDO reaction. It provides an opportunity to utilize waste feedstocks that are abundant in Malaysia such as Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD) or Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) to produce value-added biofuel. Besides, the produced high-graded green diesel is suitable for blending in transportation fuel at higher ratios without compromising overall engine performance. Besides, this efficient novel catalyst is appropriate for industrial-scale application in biofuel production mainly from the palm oil industry which produces a huge amount of PFAD waste from their oil processing mill.
IMPACT OF THE PRODUCT
Dr. Sivasangar Seenivasagam
Faculty Of Science & Technology,
UPM Kampus Bintulu, Sarawak
Date of Input: 17/04/2023 | Updated: 17/04/2023 | asrizam
Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research and Innovation)
Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia